Located in the Alto Douro region, in an area of schist lands also known as "Terra Quente", Vila Nova de Foz Côa is a city, seat of county, which saw its name run across borders by the discovery and classification as World Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO exhibition of its outdoor Paleolithic rock engravings in the Côa River valley, one of the largest archeological centers of rock art in Europe.
It is also known as the "Capital of the Amendoeira", due to the great density of this tree in the county, in part derived from the special microclimate of Mediterranean character that is made here, allowing unique landscapes when these almond trees bloom and dress the fields of white and pink, usually in the second week of February continuing until the first days of March.
This agricultural world shapes the landscape of vineyards, olive groves and the almond trees, allowing unique panoramas of great beauty, among hills and valleys, where water courses abound.
Throughout the county there are Rural Villages, schistous, where tradition and customs still prevail.
The Patrimonial value of the county of Foz Côa is great, in an area of great archaeological interest, having even been discovered and classified about 195 sites. In these places are castles, churches, chapels, pillars, lots, bridges and Roman roads, which demonstrate the mark of the populations who have lived here and wrote the history for centuries.
In the town of Vila Nova de Foz Côa there is a religious fervor in its beautiful Mother Church, with Manueline façade, and in the many chapels, such as Santa Quiteria (thought to have once been a synagogue), St. Peter and Santa Barbara or the Baroque Chapel of St. Anthony. Some stately and emblazoned houses enrich the city's architectural heritage, such as the Casa dos Andrades. The Clock Tower, on the site of the Castle, demonstrates the military architecture of the past.